American Green Tree Frog

Hyla cinerea

Frogs are incredible creatures for several reasons. They have highly modified skeletons that are adapted for jumping. They have fused arm bones (radio-ulna) and leg bones (tibio-fibula) which absorb the impact whenever they jump. Tree Frogs in particular have sticky? fingers and toes which enable them to stick to almost anything. American Green Tree Frogs are nocturnal creatures, and their enlarged pupils allow them to see in the dark in order to hunt insects.

American Green Tree Frog

Squirrel Tree Frog

Hyla squirella

Squirrel Tree Frogs are nocturnal creatures, and their enlarged pupils allow them to see in the dark in order to hunt insects. They have large sticky pads on their fingers which enable them to stick to most objects. As their name suggests their habitat of choice is trees and bushes, but they can often be found underneath your porch light snacking on insects. Squirrel Tree Frogs have incredible camouflage, their skin can go from light green, dark green, or black (and all the shades in between!) in order to match their surroundings.?

Squirel Tree Frog

Bull Frog

Rana catesbeiana

Bull frogs can grow up to 6 inches long and their legs add another 7 to 10 inches their length. They can weigh up to one and half pounds, and jump three to six feet. Males defend and call from their territories, attracting?females to mate. Their call can be heard up to a fourth of a mile away and is reminiscent of the roar of a bull. Bullfrogs prey on any animal it can overpower and stuff down its throat; Such as rodents, small turtles, snakes, frogs (including bullfrogs), birds, bats, as well as the many invertebrates, such as insects. Originally from the eastern United States, the American bullfrog has been widely introduced to most western states, and it poses a serious threat to native species due to its appetite.

Bull Frog

Blanchard?s Cricket Frogs

Acris crepitans blanchardi

Blanchard?s Cricket Frogs are semi-aquatic, and are generally found near a permanent body of water, which they leap into in order to escape predators. They are found throughout the state,? except for the far east and far west Texas. Breeding season takes place from February throughout the summer.? Cricket Frogs get their name from their call, which sounds like a cricket. If you take two marbles and hit them together near a pond or stream, you can sometimes start a chorus of cricket frogs. Cricket Frog populations are ?declining all over the country. Some reasons why are general habitat alteration (fragmentation/destruction), pesticides, fertilizers, pollutants, climate change, increased UVB or increased sensitivity to it, etc.

Cricket Frogs

Leopard Frogs

Rana sphenocephala

Leopard Frogs used to be found all over the US, but in recent years their population has severely decreased due to pollution and loss of habitat. They are nocturnal and live primarily in the water. They?ll eat any insect that can fit into their mouth, and even attempt to eat insects larger than themselves! They are excellent jumpers, and typically escape predation by leaping into the water and swimming to the bottom. Breeding occurs year round, as long as the temperature permits. Eggs are laid in a clutch of several hundred at the?bottom of shallow water. Tadpoles hatch and remain in the fully aquatic form for approximately 90 days, feeding on algae and rotting plant matter.

Leopard Frog

Woodhouse Toad

Bufo woodhousei

Did you know toads eat with their eyes? Not literally of course, but whenever they eat an insect and swallow they close their eyes, the muscles behind the eye forces the food down their throat. Woodhouse Toads also have poison glands filled with bufonin on their backs which makes them taste nasty when ingested or chomped on. They spend most of their time on dry land near a permanent water source. They love insects and will snack on any that get to close to their mouths. Do you know how to tell the difference between frogs and toads? Frogs are generally slimy in appearance and lay their eggs in clumps. Toads on the other hand are dry in appearance and lay their eggs in strings.

Woodhouse Toad


Barred Tiger Salamanders

Ambystoma tigrinum mavortium

The barred tiger salamander is one of the largest land dwelling salamanders, and is capable of growing up to 2 feet. They are amphibians and spend much of their time underground in expansive underground burrows. There are several different varieties and are located all over the US and Canada. Their development consists of an egg, followed by a larva stage which then???????? undergoes metamorphosis into an adult salamander. As larvae, they have gills and are completely dependent on water for survival. As adults, they have lungs but still need moisture. However, if the water source they live in is permanent and the land that surrounds them is dry they can retain their juvenile characteristics, such as gills and finned tail in a process known as neoteny. They also can live up to 20 years!

Barred Tiger Salamander

Water Dogs

Ambystoma mavortium

Water dogs are the larval stage of barred tiger salamanders. Normally after a couple weeks their gills and tails are absorbed into their body and they will emerge from the water as adult tiger salamanders. However if conditions are unfavorable outside their water source, such as a drought, they may never undergo metamorphosis into the adult stage.? They will retain their larval characteristics (called neoteny), such as their exterior gills and finned tail, throughout their lifetime. Water dogs are fully aquatic, the breathe by?? gulping air from the surface and using their fanlike gills. Adult water dogs are able to reproduce. The love to eat fish, worms, insects, and basically? anything that wriggles and they can fit it in their mouth. They eat by opening their mouths and sucking in their prey.

Water Dogs

Salamander Lifecycle